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what are the procedures of getting coal out of the ground

  • Fossil Energy Study Guide: 300 million years ago

    rock, then dig out the coal. Th is is called surface mining. After the coal is mined, they put back the dirt and rock. Th ey plant trees and grass. Th e land can then be used again. Th is is called reclamation. If the coal is deep in the ground, tunnels called mine shafts are dug down to the coal. Machines dig the coal and carry it to the surface.

  • Coal mining | World Coal Association

    The coal is then loaded on to large trucks or conveyors for transport to either the coal preparation plant or direct to where it will be used. Mine rehabilitation. Coal mining is only a temporary use of land, so it is vital that rehabilitation of land takes place once mining operations have stopped.

  • Underground Mining, Underground Mining Equipment ...

    Underground mining is carried out when the rocks, minerals, or precious stones are located at a distance far beneath the ground to be extracted with surface mining. To facilitate the minerals to be taken out of the mine, the miners construct underground rooms to work in.

  • How Do They Do It__ Coal Mining Video.flv - YouTube

    Nov 25, 2010· Get YouTube without the ads. Working... No thanks 3 months free. Find out why Close. How Do They Do It__ Coal Mining Video.flv ... Young coal mine workers l Hidden America: ...

  • Energy and kids

    After coal comes out of the ground, it typically goes on a conveyor belt to a preparation plant that is located at the mining site. The plant cleans and processes coal to remove dirt, rock, ash, sulfur, and other unwanted materials, increasing the heating value of the coal.

  • Category:Coal mining - Wikimedia Commons

    process of getting coal out of the ground ... Media in category "Coal mining" The following 116 files are in this category, out of 116 total. ... NIE 1905 Coal - coal mining - cutting across face of room.jpg 1,485 × 1,184; 366 KB. NIE 1905 Coal - coal mining - making corner cut.jpg 1,493 × 1,181; 379 KB.

  • How is Coal Formed? - Geography for Kids | Educational ...

    Apr 01, 2013· To extract coal, it needs to be dug out. Coal is usually found in layers, or seams underground. Learn more about where do we get coal and how …

  • Mining and quarrying - thesaurus - Macmillan Dictionary

    the process of getting coal or metal from under the ground. mother lode noun. ... a place where stone is dug out of the ground. A place where coal or minerals are dug out of the ground is called a mine. quarry ... Free thesaurus definition of mining and quarrying from the Macmillan English Dictionary ...

  • Where is coal found? | World Coal Association

    Coal exploration. Coal reserves are discovered through exploration activities. The process usually involves creating a geological map of the area, then carrying out geochemical and geophysical surveys, followed by exploration drilling. This allows an accurate picture of the area to be developed.

  • How Is Coal Extracted? | Reference.com

    Underground mining is another method of coal extraction that involves extracting coal that is buried several hundred feet below the surface. In underground mining, miners use elevators to travel deep into line shafts where they use machines that dig out the coal.

  • How do we get oil and gas out of the ground?

    Oil and gas can get trapped in pockets underground such as where the rocks are folded into an umbrella shape. Oil and gas can move through the porous rocks (rocks with gaps between the grains).

  • Uranium: How is it Mined? - New Mexico Institute of Mining ...

    Uranium resources can be extracted from the ground in three ways: open pit, underground, and in-situ leach (ISL). Open Pit Mining. Open pit mining, also known as strip mining, is the removal of surficial soils and uneconomic rock to get at the ore below. Ore grades are normally less than 0.5%.

  • Natural Sciences Grade 9 - mstworkbooks.co.za

    The next step is to get the rocks which contain the mineral out of the ground. Once the ore is on the surface, the process of getting the mineral you want out of the rock can start. Once the mineral is separated from the rest of the rock, the mineral needs to be cleaned so that it can be used.

  • What is coal? - Origin Energy

    Both types of coal are formed in a similar manner; from decomposed vegetation that was compressed beneath layers of sand, sediment and rock at high temperatures over millions of years. It’s typically found as layers (coal beds) or veins (coal seams) and in Australia, coal is mined above and below the ground.

  • COAL -- A Fossil Fuel - Lehigh University

    that dig out the coal. Read about a visit to a real underground coal mine. Processing the Coal After coal comes out of the ground, it typically goes on a conveyor belt to a preparation plant that is located at the mining site. The plant cleans and processes coal to remove dirt, rock, ash, sulfur, and other unwanted materials, increasing

  • Mining Coal - Illinois

    Objective: Students will gain and demonstrate knowledge of the process used in mining coal. Background Information: What is coal mining? Mining is the process of getting the coal out of the ground. How is coal mined? Coal is mined by surface mining or underground mining. Surface mining is used when a coal seam is located close to the surface.

  • Coal mining - Wikipedia

    Coal mining is the process of extracting coal from the ground. Coal is valued for its energy content , and, since the 1880s, has been widely used to generate electricity. Steel and cement industries use coal as a fuel for extraction of iron from iron ore and for cement production.

  • How Coal Works | Union of Concerned Scientists

    All this coal comes from mines, which are either underground or above-ground (“surface”). Both forms carry serious ecological impacts, and both are considered extremely dangerous: underground mining remains one of the United States’ most hazardous occupations, killing dozens of miners every year.

  • Frequent Questions about the 2015 Coal Ash Disposal Rule ...

    Fly Ash, a very fine, powdery material composed mostly of silica made from the burning of finely ground coal in a boiler. Bottom Ash , a coarse, angular ash particle that is too large to be carried up into the smoke stacks so it forms in the bottom of the coal furnace.

  • The facts on Australian coal production - The Conversation

    Despite the divestment movement gaining ground, the share prices of our major coal miners suggest there's still strong investor support.

  • How is coal mined and extracted? | Planète Énergies

    After the coal is brought up to the surface by conveyors, it undergoes a process that removes sand and mud by immersing the coal in a solution of water and tiny magnetite particles. The different elements separate naturally. The coal floats while the other ores, called tails, sink to the bottom.

  • Shale oil extraction - Wikipedia

    Shale oil extraction is an industrial process for unconventional oil production. This process converts kerogen in oil shale into shale oil by pyrolysis , hydrogenation , or thermal dissolution .

  • MSHA Handbook Series

    out of material from the toe of the pile. Metal and Nonmetal: Section 56/57.9304 (a) requires that dumping locations be visually inspected prior to work commencing and as ground conditions warrant. Section 56/57.3401 requires that persons experienced in examining and testing for loose ground be designated by the mine operator.

  • Chapter 18 Wiley Plus Flashcards | Quizlet

    All fossil fuels require a certain amount of energy input to get them out of the ground and process them into useful forms. Which of the following energy sources generally requires …

  • Coal mining - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    Coal mining is the process of getting coal out of the ground. It is part of the mining industry. Coal is used as a resource for making electricity. Extraction. Surface mining is done when the coal is near the surface. Coal miners remove the soil above the coal.

  • Coal Mining and Transportation - Energy Explained, Your ...

    The miners use large machines to dig out the coal. Processing coal. After removing the coal from the ground, the miners may send it to a preparation plant near the mining site. The plant cleans and processes coal to remove rocks, dirt, ash, sulfur, and other unwanted materials. This process increases the heating value of the coal. Transporting coal

  • How long does it normally take for a coal mine to be ...

    I am a process engineer. I deal with coal AFTER they are out of the ground. I know about coke ovens, coal washing, and other stuff. Not much experience with getting them out of the ground. So I'll just take a guess. First the company trying to mine obtains maps and survey data available with the geological survey of the country.

  • How Is Oil Extracted From the Ground? | Reference.com

    Oil is extracted from the ground using the three techniques of primary recovery, secondary recovery and enhanced recovery. These techniques are applied to oil extractions on land and at sea. The extraction process varies in duration but uses the same methods to remove oil from wells of all sizes.

  • Best Practices For Dust Control In Coal Mining

    Best Practices for Dust Control in Coal Mining By Jay F. Colinet, James P. Rider, Jeffrey M. Listak, John A. Organiscak, and Anita L. Wolfe DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Office of Mine Safety and Health Research

  • Coal Mining Methods - EMFI

    Other underground coal mines are laid out in a checkerboard of rooms and pillars (Fig. 2), and the mining operation involves cyclical, step by-step mining sequences. The rooms are the empty areas from which coal has been mined, and the pillars are blocks of coal (generally 40 to 80 feet on a side) left to support the mine roof.